June 29, 2018 Maria Velasquez

International Day of the Photographic Camera June 29th 🎥

By Nidia Velasquez

(Digital Film Work) Today is the day to pay homage to such an incomparable invention: THE PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA. Since thanks to ingenious and dedicated as Joseph Niepce and Louis Daguerre, among others; there was a great impact on the culture of society, an innovation that revolutionized the history of the world, allowing us to capture every moment, every face, every moment … and in some way paralyze time through a photograph.

Give value to this day and grab your camera and capture those details at any time and make them unforgettable … that place, that trip, that special occasion, that face, that landscape, at a meal, at work, on the street, everywhere! capture, in the best possible way, the best colors, the best focus, the best light, with the best angle … the scenes that your eyes want to keep.

Do it for the love of art, hobby, work or business.

“The camera is a notebook of sketches, an instrument for intuition and spontaneity”
Henri Cartier-Bresson.

The camera is so important that with it we were able to take photographs that made significant changes in art, in science, in culture, it was the kick for which cinematography would exist so that we could look at great distances planets and galaxies or photograph something as small as a molecule.
Medical research cameras are coupled to various types of microscopes capable of discovering bacteria or viruses in the body.
With the cameras it was possible to register the first tests of the atomic bomb, it has also had a significant role in the trips to the Moon. In medicine, cameras are placed at the end of a tube to enter the throat or stomach and diagnose or follow an operation. It takes us to unimaginable places, to high peaks or to places buried hundreds of meters below the ground.

TRAVEL FOR THE HISTORY:
– The Chinese philosopher Mo-Ti, in the V century a. of C. and Aristotle, in the third century a. of C., had already experienced and described in their writings the procedure of the camera obscura.

– The Arab Abu Ali Hasan Ibn al-Haitham, physicist and optician, better known as Alhazen (965-1039), in the Middle Ages, developed the camera obscura for his studies and astronomical observations.

– Johann Heinrich Schulze, in the year 1685, He invented the pinhole camera and also made discoveries with silver nitrate by chemical reactions, very similar to what is known today as the photographic process.

– Charles and Vincent Chevalier, French brothers, They made the first wooden camera for Joseph Niepce in 1826.

– Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, was born on March 7, 1765 in Chalon-sur-Saône, France. He was an inventor landowner, chemist, lithographer and amateur scientist who invented, with his brother, a motor for boats and, together with Daguerre, the first successful photographic process .; He was one of the inventors of photography and was an innovator in the area. He developed the heliograph; a technique used to produce the first known photograph of the world in 1825, the view from the window in Le Gras, the state of the families In 1839.
He died on July 5, 1833, Saint Loup de Varennes, France.

– Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, better known as Louis Daguerre, born on November 18, 1787, Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France. He was the first popularizer of photography, after inventing the daguerreotype, and also worked as a painter and theatrical decorator. He was apprenticed in architecture, theater design and panoramic painting. When Niépce died, Daguerre refined and modified the process in which they had been working together. In 1837 he perfected the daguerreotype. During this process, as in Niépce, the image was obtained from a sensitive layer of silver nitrate spread on a hot base of common salt and developed with mercury vapor. His innovation was to submerge the iron in a solution, which caused the image to be fixed. This was the first photographic procedure. He died on July 10, 1851, Bry sur Marne, France.

– Leitz in 1925, began to market the first compact 35mm camera, the Leica I.

– George Eastman developed The photosensitive film roll.
He was the one who revolutionized the world of photography by introducing the 35mm cameras in his emblematic company KODAK.
George Eastman perfected this invention, this innovator was the one who designed the camera more similar to what we know today. This was the birth of the first Kodak that was put on sale in 1888.
In the year 1898, Kodak created A camera entirely made of metal, the “Kodak Folding Pocket”
and then in the year 1900, they create the Kodak Brownie.
Kodak launched its Retina I in 1934, 35mm cameras.
And then introduces the economic Argus A in 1936.
The Kodak photographic company develops, thanks to its research, The film for color photographs between 1935 and 1940.

George Eastman perfected this invention, this innovator was the one who designed the camera more similar to what we know today. This was the birth of the first Kodak that was put on sale in 1888.In the year 1898, Kodak created A camera entirely made of metal, the “Kodak Folding Pocket”
and then in the year 1900, they create the Kodak Brownie.
Kodak launched its Retina I in 1934, 35mm cameras.
And then introduces the economic Argus A in 1936.
The Kodak photographic company develops, thanks to its research, The film for color photographs between 1935 and 1940.

– The Japanese camera industry began with the birth of Canon in 1936 with its 35 mm rangefinder.

– Edwin Land: I invent the Polaroid, in 1948, the first instant image camera in the world, without necessary development. This new camera took the market by surprise; People no longer had to stay static for long periods of time so they would take a picture of it.

And finally, the reels were displaced by memory cards with storage capacities for thousands of photographs, giving rise to LAS CAMARAS DIGITALES, developed by Kodak, in 1975.

– In 1988 they standardize JPEG and MPEG, allowing to compress the images and video files to be stored on an SD or CF card.

– The first commercial digital camera was sold in December 1989 in Japan, the Fuji DS-X.

– The commercial digital camera in the United States was the Dycam Model 1 in 1990, it was black and white, low resolution.

– In 1991, Kodak launched the Kodak DCS-100, the beginning of a long line of professional Kodak DCS SLR cameras.

– Casio in 1995, launched the first compact digital camera with LCD screen, the Casio QV-10.

– Introduced the Nikon D1 in 1999 at 2.47 megapixels, this was the first digital SLR camera that was entirely manufactured by a major manufacturer.

Types of cameras currently:

• Compact cameras.
• Intermediate or Bridge Chambers.
• DSLR or DSLR cameras.
• Half format cameras.
• Cameras with LCD screen.
• Cameras with direct viewfinder.
• Cameras with reflex viewer.

Already by the year 2002 there was the first mobile phone that had a built-in camera and from which you could send photos without having to connect it to a computer.
The camera has evolved so much that just looking for the best angle and click, with your Smartphone or tablet you have an excellent image and you can immediately upload them to social networks and make it known worldwide.

Reference links:
• www.historia-biografia.com
• www.buscabiografias.com/biografia/verDetalle/3739/Daguerre
• www.importancia.org/instagram-fotos-en-internet.php
• www.thewebfoto.com/
• www.quieninvento.net/la- camara-fotografica /

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